Choose the measurable problem (behavior, cognition, affect) that is targeted for change.

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Single-system research designs are useful to social workers who want to know whether an intervention has been effective with a client, whether the client is an individual, a family, a group, an organization, or a community. While there are many different models of single-subject designs, for the purposes of this assignment you are to use the ABA design (see Ch. 6 in Royse et al), also known as the “Interrupted Time-Series Design with Follow-up”. In some instances, depending on the nature of the target problem and whether it is a client, you may have to use an AB design because it may be unethical to withdraw the intervention once it has started.

In this design, you must observe and record during three different periods:
baseline (before any intervention has occurred)
intervention
follow-up (after intervention has ceased)

For this assignment you should ask a family member, friend, colleague, or classmate to participate under condition of confidentiality. Clients may be used with your supervisor’s permission. No children can participate. Also, no participant should be used who is currently in therapy, on medication or has a medical condition, nor should you attempt to change or measure activities or dosages related to the medication. Also, no pharmaceuticals, such as gums, patches, ointments, should be used. This should be a social work intervention.
Please use the info below as the Client for the paper:
1. The participant that I will be using for my project is a 24 year old female friend of 12 years.
2. The target problem is overwhelming feelings.
3. Emotional overwhelm entails more than being stressed. By definition being emotionally overwhelmed means being completely submerged by your thoughts and emotions about all of life’s current problems, to the point where you lack productivity and feel frozen or paralyzed.
4. The target problem will be measured by self-monitoring and reporting feelings of being overwhelmed during her day-to-day life. The participant will have to use a self-monitoring app to count the number of times she is feeling overwhelmed and identify what she is doing in that exact moment or thinking.
Please keep in mind that this info should be measured on a daily basis. Also, you need a proper amount of change you can check for this assignment. Please make sure that you have the same number of days for each of the base, intervention, and follow-up phases.
Activities
Choose the measurable problem (behavior, cognition, affect) that is targeted for change.

Record your baseline data on a tally sheet for at least five days, that is, how many times a day during this period was the problem observed?

Transfer the data from the tally sheet to a chart that specifies the exact time intervals (days) and exact frequency of the target problem (number of times observed that day).

After baselining the problem, begin your intervention. Describe in detail what is entailed in the intervention, what did you do? What was the subject expected to do? What were the incentives for performing the expected behaviors, e.g., penalties for undesirable behaviors, rewarding desired behavior, etc.?

Observe and record the frequency (or duration or intensity) of the target problem during the intervention period. The intervention should last the same number of days as the baseline period, but no less than five days.

Terminate the intervention and record the frequency of the target problem for at least as long as the baseline period on the tally sheet and your chart.

Write up your results in memo form and include the components listed below. The paper should no more than 4 pages and include 4 references, including Royce et al. Please use the following subheadings:

Introduction: Brief description of the subject, the target problem, the intervention used, and the time frame.

Intervention and rationale: Describe in detail the intervention and why it was chosen. Include a brief literature review that suggests, or seems to support, your intervention as an appropriate strategy to deal with the target problem. Indicate whether similar approaches have been tried and whether or not they were successful. Do the results vary by population, e.g., males, females, ethnic minorities?

Results: Describe the results of the follow-up and refer the reader to your single-system chart. Point out any changes from baseline to intervention to follow-up.

Discussion and Conclusion: Assess whether the intervention used was appropriate and effective. If so, would you use it again? If not, why was it not effective? What other approaches might be tried? With what client groups might it be effective? You will not be graded on whether the intervention was effective, rather on whether you are able to provide a sound rationale for the intervention based on empirical literature and whether you are able to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the approach.
Deliverables
Memo
A reference list (following APA style)
Single-system chart
A copy of the signed Informed Consent Form. There is no need to scan the signed Informed Consent Form, just type in “Signature on file” or “Electronic signature” to indicate that you actually have the necessary signed form and can produce it if asked.

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